New-York Historical Society's Bill Shannon Dictionary of New York Sports

Category Archives: Racing

Steve Brooks


Steve Brooks (Racing.  Born, McCook, NE, Aug. 12, 1921; died, Louisville, KY, Sept. 23, 1979.)  While he never rode a winner in the Belmont Stakes, Steve Brooks was a highly regarded jockey.  Brooks won 4,451 races and purses worth $18,239,817 in a 34-year career that ended with his retirement in 1975.  His best mount was Ponder, whom he rode to victory in the 1949 Kentucky Derby, but finished fifth in the Preakness and second in the Belmont.

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Marshall Cassidy


Marshall Cassidy (Racing.  Born, Washington, DC, Feb. 21, 1892; died, Glen Cove, NY, Oct. 23, 1968.)  Generally credited with devising the modern stall-style starting gate, Marshall Cassidy also perfected the photo-finish camera system.  Previously, thoroughbreds began races from a more-or-less standing start at the starting line before Cassidy introduced his gate system in the 1940s.  He was later director of racing for the New York Racing Association (1963-68) and executive secretary of the Jockey Club.  His father, Mars (1862-1929), was a long-time starter at New York tracks.

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Steve Cauthen


Steve Cauthen (Racing.  Born, Covington, KY, May 1, 1960.)  As the sensation of the 1977 thoroughbred year, Steve Cauthen set jockey riding records.  That year, as an apprentice, Cauthen led the nation by riding 487 winners worth $6,151,750.  His winning rides were the fourth-highest ever and the earnings set a record.  Of Cauthen’s wins, 433 came at New York tracks, making him easily the leading jockey that year on the N.Y.R.A. circuit.  Without his apprenticeship bug (and the resultant weight allowance), he remained a leading rider, guiding Affirmed to the Triple Crown in 1978.  When his winning percentage and number of mounts began to drop, he moved to Great Britain, where he was the leading rider in 1984, 1985, and 1986.  Cauthen later returned to the U.S. and appears as a television commentator.

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Amado Credidio


Amado Credidio (Racing.  Born, Panama City, Canal Zone, Oct. 7, 1957; died, Howard Beach, NY, Mar. 29, 1982.)  Thrown by his mount, Spartan Monk, in the ninth race at Aqueduct, Amado Credidio, Jr., died of his injuries.  Credidio was at the time the 113th jockey killed in an on-track accident at a U.S. racetrack since 1940.

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Chris McCarron


Chris McCarron (Racing. Born, Dorchester, MA, Mar. 27, 1955.) After beginning his career in the East, Christopher McCarron based himself in California in 1978, but continued to come East for major races. McCarron was racing’s career purse earnings leader, reaching $100 million in 1988 at age 33 (the youngest to reach that figure). He was the leading money-winning jockey in 1980, 1981, 1984, and 1991. McCarron was the top rider in races won three times (1974, 1975, 1980). His apprentice year of 1974 produced a record 546 first-place rides. McCarron didn’t get his first Belmont Stakes mount until 1983 (Au Point, who finished 10th). He rode Belmont winners Danzig Connection (1986) and Touch Gold (1997). He has ridden winners in the Jockey Club Gold Cup, the Brooklyn Handicap, and the Woodward, and reached 6,000 career wins June 26, 1994.

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Ogden Phipps


Ogden Phipps (Racing.  Born, New York, NY, Nov. 26, 1908; died, West Palm Beach, FL, Apr. 22, 2002.)  Son of Henry Phipps, a partner of steel magnate Andrew Carnegie, Ogden Phipps was one of New York’s most prominent horsemen for over half a century.  Phipps was a noted owner of thoroughbreds who also served as a long-time chairman of the Jockey Club.  Among his most celebrated horses was Buckpasser, winner of 25 of his 31 starts and Horse of the Year in 1966, and Personal Ensign, the filly who won all 13 of her starts, including the 1988 Breeders’ Cup Distaff.  Phipps won numerous Eclipse Awards, among them the Award of Merit in 1978 and two Owner of the Year awards (1988 and 1989).  His son, Ogden Mills (Dinny) Phipps, also became chairman of the Jockey Club and a successful owner.

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The Bill Shannon Biographical Dictionary of New York Sports is an open database of sports biographies maintained by Jordan Sprechman and Marty Appel. We welcome public and scholarly contributions and suggestions.

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A prolific author, wire service sports reporter, long time Major League Baseball official scorer, football statistician, sports museum founder, theatrical agency owner and public ... read more

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