New-York Historical Society's Bill Shannon Dictionary of New York Sports

Category Archives: H

Claude Harmon

Claude Harmon (Golf.  Born, Savannah, GA, July 14, 1916; died, Houston, TX, July 19, 1989.)  The long-time pro at Winged Foot, Claude Harmon was a teaching pro for Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, Nixon, and Ford during his long career.  Harmon was, in his earlier years, a tournament pro as well, winning the Westchester Open twice (1946-47) and the Metropolitan P.G.A. in 1946.  Easily his most celebrated victory was at the 1948 Masters, when he finished five strokes ahead of Cary Middlecoff with a then-record 279.  When the U.S. Open was contested on his home course in 1959, Harmon finished third.

Tom Harmon

Tom Harmon (Pro football.  Born, Gary, IN, Sept. 28, 1919; died, Los Angeles, CA, Mar. 15, 1990.)  A little-known fact about the 1940 Heisman Trophy winner from Michigan is that Thomas Dudley Harmon played his first pro game in New York.  Harmon played one game for the New York Americans of the American Football League in 1941 at Yankee Stadium, gaining 37 yards on 10 carries.  (The Americans went 5-2-1, finishing second that year.)  He then entered the U.S. Army Air Corps during World War II.  After the war, Harmon played two seasons for the Los Angeles Rams (1946-47) before becoming a sportscaster.

Bud Harrelson

Bud Harrelson (Baseball.  Born, Niles, CA, June 6, 1944.)  In his over 12 years as the Mets regular shortstop, Derrel McKinley Harrelson helped the Mets win their first two N.L. pennants.  Harrelson was the epitome of the defensive shortstop, steady and solid if not spectacular.  He hit .248 but played superb defense for the Mets’ 1969 World Series champions.  Harrelson’s return from military training July 11 roughly coincided with the beginning of the Mets’ drive to the pennant.  He was an N.L. All-Star in 1970 and 1971, winning a Gold Glove in the latter season.  In 1973, the Mets squeezed to another pennant with Harrelson as the regular shortstop.  Overall, he played 1,322 games for the Mets (1965-77), ranking him second by the end of his Mets tenure in club history for games played.  Harrelson finished his career with two seasons in Philadelphia and one in Texas as a backup.  After being a first-base coach and part-time television commentator for the team, Harrelson became the 12th man to manage the Mets on May 29, 1990, when Davey Johnson was fired before a game in Cincinnati.  He was 145-139 before being relieved with seven games left in the 1991 season.  Harrelson later became the principal owner of the Long Island Ducks of the independent Atlantic League in 2000.

Will Harridge

Will Harridge (Baseball.  Born, Chicago, IL, Oct. 16, 1881; died, Evanston, IL, Apr. 9, 1971.)  Third president of the A.L., William Harridge was elected May 27, 1931, to succeed the late Ernest Barnard.  Harridge had previously been with the league since 1911, when he was hired as secretary to founding league president Ban Johnson. He ran the league office out of Chicago until his retirement Jan. 31, 1959.  Harridge suspended Yankees outfielder Jake Powell in 1938 for making anti-black racist remarks in a radio interview with broadcaster Bob Elson and, saw the integration of the A.L. in 1947 when outfielder Larry Doby joined Cleveland.

Bucky Harris

Bucky Harris (Baseball.  Born, Port Jervis, NY, Nov. 8, 1876; died, Bethesda, MD, Nov. 8, 1977.)  Although he spent only two seasons of his 29-year major league managerial career with them, Stanley Raymond Harris guided the Yankees to the 1947 world championship.  Harris thus became only the third manager to win a World Series with the Yankees (after Miller Huggins and Joe McCarthy).  He was 97-57 in 1948 and 94-60 in 1948 (finishing third) before being dismissed in favor of Casey Stengel.  Harris managed Washington three times (1924-28, 1935-42, 1950-54), Detroit twice (1929-33, 1955-56), Boston (1934) and the Phillies (1943).  He won A.L. pennants in each of his first two seasons with the Senators (1924-25), but the Yankees of 1947 were his only other championship team.

Harry Harris

Harry Harris (Photographer.  Born, New York, NY, Mar. 25, 1913; died, New York, NY, Feb. 12, 2002.)  Unlike many great photographers both in and out of sports, Harry Harris didn’t start out to be a lensman.  He originally trained in the printing trades, but wound up as one of the premier wire service sports photographers in a career at The Associated Press that lasted over a half-century.  While delivering proofs to the old A.P. office on Madison Avenue in 1928, Harris came into contact with some A.P. staffers, who convinced him to take a job with the wire service’s Wall St. Financial Bureau.  Originally, he went around to various exchanges (Cotton, Cocoa, Coffee, etc.) and collected the commodity prices for distribution on the A.P. wires. At the suggestion of his supervisor there, he transferred out of the Wall St. bureau into the photography operation in 1930.  Four years later, he began a one-month trial as a photographer that lasted into the 1980s.  Harris went to Louisville, Kent., as a staff photographer, where he worked his first Kentucky Derby in 1935.  Returning to New York, he did his first World Series in 1937 when the Yankees defeated the New York Giants.  By 1952, he had become a regular spring training photographer for the A.P., his Florida Grapefruit League pictures circulating around the world for over 30 years.  In addition to baseball, Harris covered college football, pro football, basketball, hockey, and boxing, including fights in Zaire, Jamaica, and the infamous Clay-Liston affair at Lewiston, Maine.

Jim Harrison

Jim Harrison (Sportswriter.  Born, McKeesport, PA, Aug. 4, 1895; died, New York, NY, Oct. 6, 1931.)  A prominent sportswriter in the 1920s, James Renwick Harrison covered the “Murderers Row” 1927 Yankees for The New York Times.  Harrison wrote for the campus daily (the Spectator) at Columbia and became its managing editor as a senior in 1917.  In August 1917, he went to France and spent 21 months as an aide at a base hospital (No. 9), serving American Expeditionary Force troops during and immediately after World War I.  In 1919, Harrison returned to New York to join the sports staff of The Times.  He then covered the Yankees primarily, but also the Giants, for most of the next eight years.  In 1928, Harrison became sports editor of The Morning Telegraph.  He left in September 1930 to become the first full-time sports information director at Columbia, coincident with the arrival of Lou Little as football coach there.  He became ill in the summer of 1931 and on Sept. 15, his distraught wife and nine-year-old daughter committed suicide in their home.  Harrison died three weeks later.  During his career, he was active in bringing several famous writers into the New York sports community, including Bill Corum and Dan Parker.  Harrison was an official scorer for the 1926 World Series.

Doris Hart

Doris Hart (Tennis.  Born, St. Louis, MO, June 20, 1925.)  Among the dominant players in women’s tennis in the 1950s, Doris Hart was twice U.S. singles champion.  Hart was the second of the eight women to win all three other “grand slam” singles titles and won nine U.S. national doubles championships.  She won the U.S. singles in 1954 after being the losing finalist the previous two years, losing both times to Maureen Connolly.  Hart defeated A. Louise Brough, 6-8, 6-1, 8-6, in 1954 and Patricia Ward, 6-4, 6-2, the following year.  Hart was the champion in Australia in 1949 and at Wimbledon in 1951, and took the French title twice (1950, 1952).  As a doubles player, she won the women’s championship at Forest Hills four straight years (1951-54) with Shirley Fry and was on the winning mixed doubles pair five years running with Frank Sedgman (1951-52) and Vic Seixas from 1953-55.

Doug Harvey

Doug Harvey (Hockey.  Born, Montreal, P.Q., Dec. 19, 1924; died, Montreal, P.Q., Dec. 26, 1989.)  After earning his status as the best defenseman of his era with Montreal (1947-61), Douglas Norman Harvey decided to become a playing coach for the Rangers.  On May 30, 1961, Harvey agreed to a contract that made him the franchise’s ninth coach and the first since founding coach Lester Patrick not to have played for the team before coaching it.  His team was 26-32-12 in 1961-62 as the Rangers made the playoffs for the first time since 1958.  After the Rangers were eliminated in six games by Toronto in the opening round, Harvey gave up coaching but played another year for the team.  In 1961-62, Harvey became the first Rangers defenseman to win the Norris Trophy as the N.H.L.’s best backliner.  He won the award seven times in the first nine years it was awarded.  Harvey played 137 games for the Rangers, scoring 10 goals (one against Montreal) with 59 assists.

Doug Harvey

Doug Harvey (Baseball.  Born, South Gate, CA, Mar. 13, 1930.)  Universally thought by players, fans, writers, and broadcasters to be the best in his league, Harold Douglas Harvey was informally known as “God.”  Harvey was an N.L. umpire for 31 seasons (1962-92), joining the N.L. from the P.C.L.  He derived his nickname from players who respected his on-field demeanor and his apparent inability to make an incorrect call.  His elegant silver hair added to the image in his later years.  Considering his reputation and longevity, Harvey had a modest number of premium assignments, working five World Series (1968, 1974, 1981, 1984, 1988), six All-Star Games, and seven N.L. championship series.  Following his retirement, he was diagnosed with throat cancer and underwent extensive treatment.

About This Dictionary

The Bill Shannon Biographical Dictionary of New York Sports is an open database of sports biographies maintained by Jordan Sprechman and Marty Appel. We welcome public and scholarly contributions and suggestions.

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About Bill Shannon

A prolific author, wire service sports reporter, long time Major League Baseball official scorer, football statistician, sports museum founder, theatrical agency owner and public ... read more

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