New-York Historical Society's Bill Shannon Dictionary of New York Sports

Category Archives: C

Leon Cadore


Leon Cadore (Baseball.  Born, Chicago, IL, Nov. 20, 1890; died, Spokane, WA, Mar. 16, 1958.)  Although Leon Joseph Cadore pitched for the Dodgers for parts of nine seasons, he will always be remembered for one game.  On May 1, 1920, at Boston, Cadore pitched all 26 innings of the longest game in major league history.  He allowed 15 hits and walked five, giving up a run in the sixth inning that tied the game 1-1.  That’s the way it ended when darkness intervened.  Boston’s Joe Oeschger also went the full 26 innings, although each team used two catchers.  Cadore was 68-71 from 1915-23 for Brooklyn before he was waived to the Chicago White Sox July 6, 1923.  The righthander was 0-1 in the 1920 World Series against Cleveland, losing the fourth game.

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Tom Cahill


Tom Cahill (College football.  Born, Syracuse, NY, Nov. 11, 1919; died, Schenectady, NY, Nov. 29, 1992.)  Thomas B. Cahill was Army plebe football coach for seven years and then became head coach eight seasons (1966-73).  He was acclaimed Coach of the Year by several organizations after his first team was 8-2.  The Cadets were 8-2 again in 1967 and five of his eight teams had winning records.  But his last club was 0-10 and Cahill was fired days after a season-ending 51-0 loss to Navy with a 40-39-2 record.

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Cullen Cain


Cullen Cain (Baseball.  Born, Warsaw, MO, Dec. 3, 1874; died, Coral Gables, FL, Nov. 26, 1958.)  An itinerant newspaperman who became a baseball writer for the Philadelphia Public Ledger, Cullen Cain was the first publicity director for the National League.  Cain sold the idea of opening a Service Bureau in New York to N.L. president John Heydler in 1922.  He was the first full-time publicist in baseball history.  Cain ran the Service Bureau until 1933, when he resigned to go back into the newspaper business.  His successor was sportswriter and part-time sportscaster Ford Frick, who later became N.L. president (1934) and Commissioner of Baseball (1951).  Ironically, Cain was hit by a baseball during spring training after leaving the N.L. job and suffered a severe eye injury that left him blind by the early 1940s.

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Charlie Caldwell


Charlie Caldwell (College football.  Born, Bristol, VA-TN, Aug. 2, 1901; died, Princeton, NJ, Nov. 1, 1957.)  In the glory days of single-wing football at Princeton, Charles W. Caldwell, Jr., abjured the T-formation successfully by winning with the supposedly “outmoded” formation.  Caldwell took over the Tigers in 1945, moving from Williams.  His immediate post-war teams were not good (14-15-2 from 1945-48).  A dramatic improvement in talent led to a commensurate improvement in the record to 6-3 in 1949.  Led by Dick Kazmaier, the Tigers started a 24-game winning streak that included 9-0 seasons in 1950 and 1951.  Penn broke the streak with a 13-7 win at Princeton in 1952, but Princeton then won nine more to give the Tigers 33 wins in 34 games.  In his 12 seasons (1945-56) at Princeton, Caldwell was 70-30-3.  An athlete in his younger days, Caldwell was a baseball pitcher who earned a brief trip to the Yankees in 1925.  He pitched in only three games (0-0) but while pitching batting practice hit first baseman Wally Pipp with a stray pitch, leading to the sequence of events that put Lou Gehrig at first for the Yankees for the next 14 years.

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Lee Calhoun


Lee Calhoun (Track and field.  Born, Laurel, MS, Feb. 23, 1933; died, Erie, PA, June 21, 1989.)  As the first man to win the 110-meter hurdles twice (1956 and 1960) Lee Q. Calhoun was an Olympic hero.  Calhoun won several indoor hurdles events in New York, including at the 1956 Millrose Games.  He was an assistant coach for the U.S. Olympic squad in 1976 and Yale’s track coach for four years (1976-80) before moving to Western Illinois.

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Marcus Camby


Marcus Camby (Pro basketball.  Born, Hartford, CT, Mar. 22, 1974.)  An athletic 6’11” frontcourt swingman drafted by Toronto out of Massachusetts, Marcus Camby came to the Knicks June 25, 1998, in the deal that sent forward Charles Oakley to the Raptors.  Camby was dogged by health problems throughout his four-year tenure with the Knicks (1998-2002) and averaged 10.2 points for 197 games.  But the first three teams for which he played made the playoffs, and the first of those reached the N.B.A. final, with Camby helping fill the void created by Patrick Ewing’s absence due to injury.  Camby’s best season with 2000-01, when he played 63 games (his most as a Knick) with 723 rebounds and a 12.0 scoring average.  It was after a strong effort in the opening game 92-85 Garden victory over Toronto in the first round of the playoffs Apr. 22, 2001, that a bizarre iucident occurred.  Camby had 18 rebounds but the next day learned from police that his mother and two sisters were being held hostage in their East Windsor, Conn., home.  He hurried from his Westchester residence upon hearing that knife-wielding Troy Crooms, a former boyfriend of one of his sisters, was in the house, demanding that he appear.  By the time he arrived at his home, his mother had escaped when police briefly entered the house and the elder sister had climbed out an upstairs window.  The other sister was being held with a knife at her throat.  Crooms, a convicted sex offender, surrendered when Camby stood in the driveway where he could be seen.  Crooms was charged with a variety of offenses and later convicted.  The Knicks lost the playoff series, three games to two.  Camby played just 29 games the next season, the Knicks missed the playoffs, and he was traded with guard Mark Jackson to Denver June 26, 2002, for Antonio McDyess and Frank Williams.  Camby earlier played two seasons (1996-98) for Toronto.

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Dolph Camilli


Dolph Camilli (Baseball.  Born, San Francisco, CA, Apr. 23, 1907; died, San Mateo, CA, Oct. 21, 1997.)  In five seasons with Brooklyn, Adolph Louis Camilli endeared himself to a generation of Dodgers fans.  After several successful but unrewarding seasons with the Phillies, Camilli was traded to Brooklyn for outfielder Eddie Morgan and $45,000 Mar. 6, 1938.  He had two powerhouse seasons in the old Baker Bowl in Philadelphia and most baseball observers felt his lefthanded swing was best suited to the tiny Philadelphia park.  In the event, Camilli feasted at Ebbets Field, driving in 100 runs with 24 homers in 1938.  His 1939 season was even better (26 homers and 104 r.b.i.) and in 1941, Camilli had his career year, leading the N.L. in homers (34) and r.b.i. (120), while hitting .285 and helping Brooklyn win its first pennant since 1920.  A solid 1942 season followed (26 homers, 109 r.b.i.), but the aging first baseman was injured in 1943, playing just 95 games.  Camilli was traded to the New York Giants after that season but refused to report and retired.  He did, however, play 63 games with the Boston Red Sox in 1945 before retiring permanently.  In his five superb seasons in Brooklyn (1938-42), Camilli hit 133 homers with 529 r.b.i.

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Bill Cammeyer


Bill Cammeyer (Baseball.  Born, New York, NY, Mar. 20, 1821; died, New York, NY, Sept. 4, 1898.)  Among the seminal inventions in the history of sports is the enclosed ballpark, and William Henry Cammeyer is its creator.  On May 15, 1862, Cammeyer opened his Union Grounds, a converted skating rink at what was then Lee and Rutledge Streets in Brooklyn with a free exhibition featuring three local amateur teams.  For the balance of the season, the Constellations, Eckfords, and Putnams played their home games at Union Grounds and Cammeyer charged a 10-cent admission.  Over the following two decades, Union Grounds, through the charging of admissions, became a major factor in the growth of baseball as a spectator sport.  Cammeyer eventually got control of the New York Mutuals (a team started by firemen) and took it into the N.L. for the league’s inaugural season, 1876 (naturally, playing home games at Union Grounds in the then-independent City of Brooklyn).  He decided that since his team could not win the pennant, there was no reason to take the last western trip at the end of the season.  At the winter meetings following the season, the Mutuals were expelled from the N.L., and New York did not get another club in the league until 1883.

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Raymond Camp


Raymond Camp (Sportswriter.  Born, Spring Lake, NJ, Mar. 16, 1908; died, Madison, CT, May 19, 1962.)  As the first regular outdoors writer for The New York Times, Raymond R. Camp wrote the “Wood, Field & Stream” column for 19 years (1937-56).

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Walter Camp


Walter Camp (College football.  Born, New Haven, CT, Apr. 17, 1859; died, New York, NY, Mar. 14, 1925.)  Even though intercollegiate competition in a form of the game began in 1869, Walter Camp is generally considered “the Father of American Football” despite the fact that he did not enter Yale until 1875.  In reality, Camp should perhaps be considered “the Savior of American Football.”  Camp helped reorganize the Yale team and served as its captain in 1878, 1879 and 1881 (while a medical school student) when the captain was, in effect, the coach of the team.  In 1880, he also served as Yale’s delegate to the Intercollegiate Football Association and that year he proposed a rule change that moved the game closer to what it became.  Camp suggested that instead of the continuous action rugby-style game then in vogue, that the team in possession of the ball put it in play by a snap back to the quarterback.  He also moved to reduce the number of players from 15 to 11.  Both changes were adopted and the game was changed forever.  Two years later, Camp introduced the idea of “downs,” with a team required to gain five yards in three plays (or “downs”) or be penalized 10 yards.  In 1883, he introduced the numerical scoring system (a touchdown was worth only two points and a field goal five).  Camp served as secretary of the Rules Committee from 1894-1905 and again from 1911-25.  He edited the Official Guide, helped begin the system of selecting All-America teams (in 1889), and wrote countless articles on the game.  Camp also served as an advisor to the Yale team from 1883-1906.  Yale had a record of 218-11-8 during that period.  When his business prevented him from attending Yale practice, his wife went and took notes for him to discuss with the coach that evening.

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The Bill Shannon Biographical Dictionary of New York Sports is an open database of sports biographies maintained by Jordan Sprechman and Marty Appel. We welcome public and scholarly contributions and suggestions.

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A prolific author, wire service sports reporter, long time Major League Baseball official scorer, football statistician, sports museum founder, theatrical agency owner and public ... read more

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