New-York Historical Society's Bill Shannon Dictionary of New York Sports

Category Archives: Architect

Stanford White


Stanford White (Architect.  Born, New York, NY, Nov. 9, 1853; died, New York, NY, June 25, 1906.)  More than an architect, Stanford White (and his firm McKim, Mead & White) functioned as leaders of style and taste in New York for more than two decades.  Madison Square Garden existed in a converted railroad depot at 26th St. and Madison Ave. when White was retained to replace it with a new structure, a genuine indoor arena.  With typical flair, White designed an ornate palace that included not only a 9,000-seat arena but also a standard theatre, a dominating tower topped by a risque statue and a roof garden where lightweight musical revues would be presented in summer.  His arena design set the standard still used around the world and bred events shaped to its configurations.  It opened (with a concert and ballet evening) on June 16, 1890.  The Westminster Kennel Club and the National Horse Show moved in but events such as the six-day bike race (1891) were designed to fit the new arena.  Long a notorious playboy, Stanford White was murdered while watching opening night of “Mam’zelle Champagne” in the roof garden on June 25, 1906.  Deranged millionaire Harry K. Thaw of Pittsburgh shot White three times in the face.  Thaw was enraged over a rumored liaison between Thaw’s wife (the former Evelyn Nesbit) and White before Thaw’s marriage.  Thaw spent most of the rest of his life in and out of mental institutions.  The Garden was torn down in 1925 to make way for the headquarters of the New York Life Insurance Co. and replaced by a third Garden at 49th St. and Eighth Ave.  His partners finished White’s last great design, the Pennsylvania Station facing Seventh Ave. at 31st St.  It was opened in 1910 and demolished in 1963 to make way for a fourth Madison Square Garden (opened Feb. 11, 1968).

About This Dictionary

The Bill Shannon Biographical Dictionary of New York Sports is an open database of sports biographies maintained by Jordan Sprechman and Marty Appel. We welcome public and scholarly contributions and suggestions.

Share Our Blog!

Sort by Last Name

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Support n-yhs

Help us support our sports database and other collections.

About Bill Shannon

A prolific author, wire service sports reporter, long time Major League Baseball official scorer, football statistician, sports museum founder, theatrical agency owner and public ... read more

Submission Form

* (denotes required field)

Disclaimer & Privacy Policy